We now impose the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization condition
Here, the motion is along x and so . Also, the momentum is just , and finally the symbol means we are to integrate over one complete period . Putting this together, we have
where we have used the fact that the average of over one full period is . We now have our condition on E:
which is in perfect accord with our expectations in (15)! The spectrum we predict then appears as in Figure 2.2.
As we learned from the uncertainty principle the lowest energy is actually . It will turn out that the actual spectrum of the harmonic oscillator is just our prediction (17) with a simple shift to bring our result in accord with the uncertainty principle